How to Grow Bee Balm Flowers
Perennial, Monarda Didyma
Bee Balm plants are an old-fashioned favorite. This woodland wildflower is
a member of the mint family, and is native to eastern North America.
Bee Balm plants grow in clumps. The flowers are daisy-like, with tubular
petals. Brightly colored, scented blooms are pink, purple, red, or white.
Flowers grow on branching, square stems. The leaves are aromatic, too. These
perennials bloom the second year after planting.
Bee Balm attracts hummingbirds, butterflies, and of course, bees!
Smaller varieties look good in containers on your patio or desk.
Other Names: Bergamot, Oswego Tea
Plant Height:: grows 1 to 2 feet. Dwarf varieties grow up to
Bee Balm are started from seed. Sow seed directly into your flower garden
after all danger of frost. They can also be spread around fields as a wildflower.
For an indoor start, sow seeds in pots 5-8 weeks before the last frost.
Sow seeds early in the season and cover lightly with 1/8" of garden soil.
Give them plenty of room.
Final spacing should be 12" - 18".
Plants can be propagated by division of the clumps in either the spring,
or early fall.
You can also
Days to Germination: 10 - 20
How to Grow Bee Balm Plants:
Low maintenance Bee Balm plants like full sun, but will tolerate partial
The soil should be fertile, and well drained. Fertilize regularly during
the season, every 1-2 months, with a general purpose fertilizer.
These plants do well in wet soil. Make sure to provide ample water, especially
in dry summer months. Mulch around plants, to help retain soil moisture.
Keep plants pruned, for a neat appearance. Pinch growing tips to produce
a bushier plant. But, do not let it get too bushy. Make sure to provide good
air circulation, to minimize plant disease.
Deadhead blooms to promote new flowers.
Plants can be invasive. Keep growth of clumps in control. Or, use garden
edging to contain plants.
Insect and Disease:
Insects and disease problems are not a major problem. If problems occur,
treat early with organic or chemical insect repellents and fungicide.