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 Hybrid Seeds Definition

Simply put, a hybrid seed (or plant) is a cross between two or more unrelated inbred plants. The two different varieties are cross bred, resulting in a seed that carries one or more favorable traits.

Hybrid seeds are commonplace in commercial farming, especially to increase crop yields. Home gardeners thoroughly enjoy wide varieties offered by Hybrid roses. But, at the same time, home gardeners often shun hybrid seeds.

Hybrid seeds are created by natural cross breeding of varieties. It IS NOT genetically engineered seeds. See GMO Seeds.

Creating hybrids is is very popular for flowers and vegetables. Most notably, Roses, Tomatoes and Sweet Corn are frequently cross bred to create hybrid varieties.

An F1 hybrid, are seeds from the first cross of two unrelated, open-pollinated plants.

Advantages of Hybrid Seeds and Plants:

There are many advantages to creating hybrid varieties.

The most common advantages are:

  • More vigorous plants

  • Improved disease resistance

  • Earlier maturities

  • more uniform plant growth

  • increased crop yields

  • New flower colors

  • Improved taste of fruits and vegetables

Some Popular Hybrids:

Here are some of the more popular hybrids:

Roses - thee are too many hybrid roses to single out a particular variety.

Corn - Silver Queen, is a white kernel sweet corn. This Hybrid is one of the most popular home garden sweet corns. Double Sweet, Kandy King, Kandy Korn, and many other "Extra" sweet varieties are hybrids.

Tomatoes -  There is a wide range to hybrid tomato varieties. Among them is Celebration, Beef Maestro, Container's Choice Red.

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