How to Grow Cedar Shrubs
As a member of the evergreen family, Cedar shrubs are hardy, and easy to
grow. While most of us refer to them as shrubs, they are actually trees.They
make great privacy or border hedges, when planted in rows. And, we all know
that wood from cedar, with its great, aromatic scent, is used for closets
and chests to store your clothes.
The most common types of cedar shrubs are Northern White Cedar and Western
Red cedar, which originated in North America. They are classified as members
of the Cypress family. Plants can grow up to 30 feet tall.
Once planted, these shrubs require little care and maintenance. An annual
pruning keeps them healthy, and in a desirable shape. Cedar shrubs benefit
from providing some winter protection against both deer, and damage from
ice and snow. It is also important to plant them at least 3 feet or more
from sidewalks and roadways that are salted in winter. High levels of salt,
can kill the plants.
You can grow cedar shrubs in pots and containers on your balcony or deck.
Select a pot or container big enough for the plant, allowing for growth.
While many homeowners buy shrubs from a nursery, you can grow your
own. New cedar shrubs are propagated by seeds or cuttings.
When growing from seed, collect seeds in the fall. Start in peat pots indoors
in early spring, or sow directly into a seedbed outdoors in the spring.
Transplant seedlings into a garden several weeks later.
To grow from cuttings, cut a 4-5 inch branch of new growth. Strip away the
lower leaves. Plant in coarse, well draining sand. Keep the soil most.
How to Grow Cedar Shrubs:
Established plants will grow and thrive for many years, with only a little
pruning and care. While they prefer slightly acidic soil, they will grow
in a variety of soils, from clay to sandy loam. The plant grows best in moist,
well draining soil. Grow them in full sun or partial shade.
Cedar shrubs are grown as foundation plants around homes and buildings, as
hedgerows, or as a border fence.
Select a location for planting. and dig a wide, deep hole. Mix in generous
amounts of compost or peat moss. Place the plant in the hole, and fill with
soil. Tamp down the soil, lightly.
Water well during planting. Keep the soil moist in the first few weeks after
transplanting, to promote new root growth.
For vigorous growth, fertilize plants monthly during the growing season,
with a high nitrogen fertilizer. Keep plants well-watered.
Add 2-3 inches of mulch around plants to keep weeds down, and help retain
Pruning Cedar Shrubs:
Established shrubs will grow for years with little care.
You should prune the plants annually. Prune shrubs in late June to early
July, before the plant produces new growth.
Start by removing dead branches.
Next, cut the top growing branch no further than the "green line", where
green growth begins.
Shape the plant, from top to bottom.
Leave at least two inches of green growth on each branch.
To remove entire branches, cut off as near to the center of the shrub as
Cedar shrubs can be pruned into many shapes. Be creative!
Winter Protection for Cedar Shrubs
With Shrub Guard
In cold climates, it's beneficial to provide winter protection for
your shrubs. Snow and ice buildup can damage or break individual branches,
or the whole tree. Shrub protection against foraging deer, rabbits and rodents
is also important.
Many people use burlap to cover the plants. It's effective, but unsightly.
It can also cause mold and mildew on the plant. Another alternative
is heavy duty, multi-strand netting. The netting is made of UV protected
material, and will last for years. Selecting a green netting results in a
barely visible protection against animals, as well as protection from breakage
of individual branches. when snow and ice buildup is a problem.
Winter Shrub Protection
Pests of Cedar Shrub:
A number of animals will feed on cedar shrubs, especially in the winter months
when other food sources are scarce. They include deer, rabbits, mice, and
Occasional insect problems can occur from mites and bagworms. Use
insecticides only if necessary.
Diseases Affecting Cedar Shrubs:
The most common plant problems are molds and mildew, often caused in cool,
damp weather. Mold and mildew can occur, when using burlap bags for winter
Drowning of roots can also occur in wet weather.
Cankers and sun scorch are also an occasional problem.
Also see: Arborvitae Trees
A favorite Fall pastime is planting fall bulbs. These bulbs turn into
the first blooms of spring, brightening up and chasing away the dull, grey
winter scenery. More on Bulbs
How to grow your favorite shrub
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