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Groundhog Control Methods

Groundhogs, also called woodchucks, can be a big problem, in both the home garden and commercial farms. The Groundhog's diet consists of vegetation. They love many of the vegetables that you grow in your vegetable garden. They have very big appetites.

We offer below, a number of ways to control ground hogs, or eliminate them from your vegetable garden.

Most Famous Ground Hog: Why that's none other than Punxsutawney Phil. Phil comes out of his burrow on Groundhog Day, February 2, and predicts how much longer winter will last. More on Punxsutawney Phil and Groundhog Day.

Groundhog Lifestyle and Habitat:

Understanding a woodchucks lifestyle, habit and diet, is very helpful in controlling them.

Groundhogs live in burrows that are usually dozens of feet long and multiple chambers(mounds). They have a summer home( burrow) and a winter one. There are at least two openings. The main entrance is one entryway, and an escape hole, or spy-hole is the other. Sometimes there is a third. The summer home of a groundhog will sometimes be under a shed. (this author has experienced one under the shed)

In their winter burrow, Groundhogs live from fall to spring. They hibernate all winter, eat underground with stored food, and mate in this burrow. After spring arrives, female groundhogs emerge with their offspring. Groundhogs are loners. By late spring, adult male, adult female, and offspring will all be on their own.

Groundhogs are herbivores. They like almost all vegetables in your vegetable garden and many herbs, too. Groundhogs eat all parts of plants. In addition to vegetables, they also like fruits, including apples and pears, Watermelons are a favorite meal. They will also eat nuts.

If that's not enough, groundhogs will also eat some flowers. These include:

  • Asters

  • Daises

  • Delphinium

  • Lilies

  • Marigolds

  • Pansies

  • Phlox

  • Sunflowers

  • Snapdragons

  • Sweet peas

Groundhogs are shy creatures. They are very motion sensitive and have good hearing. If they hear or see you, even from quite a distance, they run to the safety of their burrow.

Groundhog Control Methods:

Here are some Groundhog or Woodchuck control methods that will help you to get rid of them:

1. Trapping: Hav-a-hart traps are an effective means of ridding your area of woodchucks. They can be shy. So, it may take a while to enter the trap. Once they are trapped many towns will take them away for you.

Best bait: Use a slice of bread with peanut butter, fresh watermelon and apple slices.

Important: Before you trap any animals, make sure to check your local laws. Some localities allow you to trap animal pests, but do not allow you to transfer or release an animal into another area. In this case, Contact your local animal control department. for Groundhog removal.

2. Smelly Repellents and Pepper Sprays  These have offensive odors which groundhogs do not like. On the downside, if you spray vegetables with these, you may render them undesirable to you, too. Apply every one to two weeks, and after a rain. 

Find a quick and easy Pepper spray recipe

3. Epsom Salts - Groundhogs do not like the taste. Apply to the plants. In addition, there is fertilizer value to Epsom salts. Apply every one to two weeks, and after a rain. 

4. Fences and screens: These have some effectiveness. The fencing must be metal. Groundhogs will effortlessly chew through plastic netting. Groundhogs can dig under the fence. Be vigilant for signs of digging. They have been known to climb over low fences, too.

5. Hunting:  If you can hunt in your area, this will obviously eliminate them..... if you are a good shot. Check local laws, for rules and regulations.

6. Fumigation: Shy groundhogs can readily be chased to the safety of their burrows. Once the are in their burrow, cover one hole well. Then, toss in a can of fumigant into the second hole and cover the second hole well.

7. Motion Devices: Motion devices, like pinwheels and wind chimes,  really bother ground hogs. It may cause them to move on to another area.



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